Neurology involves the treatment of all conditions and diseases associated with the brain, spine, and the peripheral nerves. These diseases often significantly impact the daily functioning of patients and require comprehensive treatment, care, and monitoring. This level of care requires a multidisciplinary team approach.

At Gleneagles Penang, our specialized neurology teams are committed to the treatment and care of our neurological patients.

Neurological Conditions

Neurological conditions are different from psychiatric conditions. While neurological conditions affect parts of the nervous system, psychiatric conditions are associated with mental health conditions that affect mood, thoughts, and behaviour. However, there may be some overlaps between neurology and psychiatric illnesses.

Neurological illnesses include:

  • Stroke
  • Peripheral neuropathy eg. diabetic neuropathy
  • Neuropathic pain eg. trigeminal neuralgia, postherpetic neuralgia
  • Epilepsy
  • Headaches/migraines
  • Alzheimer’s and other dementias
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Strokes (ischemic stroke or hemorrhagic stroke)
  • Meningitis/encephalitis
  • Dystonia
  • Motor neuron disease

Neurology Assessment

Historical records

This is the detailed account of a patient’s past and present health and medical events. This includes the patient’s family medical history. This comprehensive information is valuable in helping the doctor make an accurate diagnosis.

After the history is taken, the neurologist will proceed to:

Physical examination

  • This examination is an evaluation of the physical body to provide information on which aspect of the nervous system is involved.


  • After history taking and physical examination, the neurologist will organize a few tests to confirm/exclude the neurology illness. The following investigations may be organized.

 CT (computed tomography) scans of brain provides a cross-sectional image of the brain. It is used for the accurate diagnosis of brain tumors, blood clots, stroke and brain injury.

 MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of brain or spine

  • This diagnostic test uses a strong magnetic field, radio waves and a computer to produce high resolution images of brain or spinal cord.

PET (positron emission tomograohy) scans

  • This is a scan of the body that uses a radioactive substance to show how the body is working, which helps in the diagnosis of disease.

 Lumbar puncture

  • Lumbar puncture involves inserting a needle into the lower back to collect CSF. CSF of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord. In lumbar puncture, a sample of CSF is collected and sent to the laboratory for testing.

 Neurology Services

Neurological Diagnostic Tests

Neurological Diagnostic Tests refer to the different tests and procedures neurologists use to identify and diagnose the correct disorder. Once diagnosis has been confirmed, your neurologist will explain all the treatment and care options available and create a personalized plan of action to help you achieve the best possible outcome. If you have other chronic health conditions, our team will take them into consideration in your holistic treatment plan.

Neuro-Rehabilitation Programme

A Neuro-Rehabilitation Programme is an important part of the recovery process for patients with nervous system disorders. It is designed to return the patient to daily functionality and personal independence via a personalised treatment plan and the support of our dedicated rehabilitation team. We also offer continuity of care, including advice and counselling, following treatment.

There may be lifestyle changes, or other important decisions, to be made during the recovery phase. In the case of dementia or disorders that require long-term care and treatment, our compassionate and practical approach is widely appreciated.

*This is not a complete list of all the diagnostic procedures and treatments we provide. The information provided is for educational reference only and should not be seen as medical advice.

 Please consult one of our qualified healthcare specialists for an accurate diagnosis before starting on any treatment.

Neurology infographic:



● Epilepsy is a disorder of the central nervous system in which unusual brain activity results in seizures.

Symptoms may include:

● Uncontrollable jerking movements

● Temporary confusion

● Loss of consciousness


● Alzheimer’s is a progressive brain disorder and the most common cause of dementia.

Symptoms may include:

● Difficulty completing regular or daily tasks

● Confusion with times and dates

● Language difficulty

Multiple sclerosis

● Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease of the central nervous system where the protective coverings of the nerve cells are attacked.

Symptoms may include:

● Muscle spasms/weakness

● Depression/anxiety

● Vision problems

Brain tumor

● A brain tumor is a mass of abnormal cells that develops in the brain and may be cancerous or noncancerous.

Symptoms may include:

● Memory problems

● Nausea/vomiting

● Seizures


● A stroke occurs when the flow of blood to the brain is cut off or severely restricted, resulting in brain damage if not urgently treated.

Symptoms may include:

● Sudden confusion

● Sudden dizziness/loss of coordination and balance

● Sudden blurred vision


Neurology Specialist(s)

Dr. Sim Bee Fung

Dr. Sim Bee Fung

Resident Consultant