Gynaecological Oncology

Women’s Cancers

Worldwide, over a million women are diagnosed with cancers of their reproductive organs (gynaecological cancers) each year. The female reproductive organs are the cervix, uterus, ovaries and vaginal area. Gynaecological Oncology is the specialized field involving prevention and treatment of cancers and pre-cancers that can affect a woman’s reproductive organs.

In Malaysia, cancer of the cervix, uterus and ovary are among the ten most common cancers affecting women. Studies show that Chinese women have the highest risk of getting these cancers. Many cancers may be prevented or detected early by screening and regular gynaecological assessment. Appropriate treatment by a trained specialist can successfully cure many patients with gynaecological cancers. Inappropriate treatment like overtreatment or inadequate treatment itself can have damaging effects and affect the outcome or results.

What Is A Gynaecological Oncologist?

A Gynaecological Oncologist is a gynaecologist who has been trained in screening, assessing and treatment of women who have suspicious symptoms or confirmed cancers of the reproductive organs. A Gynaecological Oncologist is specially trained to perform a variety of procedures including complex cancer surgery (called radical surgery) for patients. He will also select and administer the most appropriate chemotherapy. A Gynaecological Oncologist will screen and assess cancer risk, as well as treat patients with different types and stages of gynaecological cancer.

Medical studies have shown that superior cure rates are obtained when gynaecolgical cancer patients are treated by these specially trained gynecological oncologists. In many developed countries of the world like the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia, gynaecological cancers are treated by trained gynaecological oncologists.

Symptoms That Require Assessment

  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • Heavy bleeding during the periods
  • Irregular bleeding (not according to the expected period)
  • Bleeding in-between the periods
  • Pelvic pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic area
  • Blood stained vaginal discharge
  • Foul smelling vaginal discharge
  • Abdominal distension, bloating or swelling
  • Lump or swelling in the abdomen
  • Pain or persistent itchiness in the area around or outside the vaginal area

Gynaecological Oncology Specialist(s)