Breast Cancer

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is a cancer of the breast tissue. It arises from the uncontrollable cell growth of cells in the breast.

Are All Breast Lumps Cancerous?

  • 80% of breast lumps are benign and could be:
    • Fibroadenoma
    • Breast cysts
    • Infection
    • Phylloides
  • 20% are cancerous

Are You at Risk?

  • Significant Risk
    • Family history of breast cancer and ovarian cancer
    • Carrier of BRCA genes
    • Ovarian cancer patients
    • Patients with previous history of breast cancer
    • Presence of breast lumps – atypical hyperplasia, carcinoma in situ
  • Moderate Risk
    • Single, late childbirth, no children
    • Not breastfeeding
    • Use of oral contraceptive pills
    • Use of hormonal replacement therapy
  • General Risk
    • Affluent diet that is rich in fat, cholesterol, carbohydrates and red meat
    • Obesity, sedentary lifestyle
    • Alcohol and cigarette consumption

What Are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer?

  • Breast lump
  • Skin dimpling
  • Change in skin colour or texture
  • Change in how the nipple looks, for example nipple inversion
  • Clear or bloody fluid leaking out of the nipple

How Is Breast Cancer Diagnosed?

  • Blood test
  • Biopsy tissues
  • Imaging tests:
    • X-Ray
    • Ultrasound
    • Mammogram
    • CT scan
    • MRI
    • Bone scan
    • PET-CT scan

How Does Mammography Screen for Breast Cancer?

  • Mammogram can detect early breast lesions that are less than 1 cm in size
  • Higher possibility of being able to have breast-conserving surgery
  • Can minimise the need for chemotherapy
  • Survival rate is generally better

For more information on our 3D Mammography, please click here.

What Is the Treatment for Breast Cancer?

  • Breast surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Targeted therapy

Our Specialists

For more information relating to Breast Cancer, please contact our Consultant Breast Surgeon and Consultant Oncologists below: